But first, you need to know what cookies are.
What are Cookies?
Cookies are data stored in your browser that can contain various information that generates knowledge about your internet activity.
The main purpose of a cookie is to identify users and present them with personalised webpages according to preferences for easier navigation, as well as to save your website’s login information. That’s why sometimes when you return to a website, instead of seeing a generic welcome page, you get a personalised welcome, for example.
Cookies and cybercriminals
Cookies can pose a serious threat to privacy. Marketing cookies have advanced significantly in their ability to track users over time, from simple tasks such as counting ad impressions, views and clicks, to limiting pop-ups and retaining the ad sequence. They can currently perform user profiling/tracking of website preferences.
How to be safe with Cookies?
While cookies can be a security concern, with some care in online activity it is possible to avoid or minimise these dangers. Here are some suggestions for protecting yourself from the most dangerous features of cookies:
- When exchanging personal information, always be cautious. Cookies have the potential to communicate such information, so proceed with caution.
- Deactivate the storage of cookies in your browser. This reduces the amount of data exchanged, you can change your browser’s privacy settings and avoid storing passwords in the browser.
- There are browser add-ons that disable third-party software, such as cookie trackers, keeping your browsing data private. Always look for reliable and recommended add-ons.
- Always keep anti-malware software updated on your device, as malware can impersonate harmless cookies or enter advertising networks.
- If a website asks you to accept cookies and you are not sure if it is legitimate, stop browsing immediately.